Mount Sangeang, also known as Gunung Sangeang Api, is an active volcano located on Sangeang Island, part of the Lesser Sunda Islands in Indonesia. The island is situated to the northeast of Sumbawa Island in the West Nusa Tenggara province. Mount Sangeang consists of two volcanic cones, Doro Api (1,949 meters) and Doro Mantoi (1,795 meters), which are both characterized by their steep slopes and frequent volcanic activity.
The volcano has a long history of eruptions, with documented activity dating back to the early 16th century. Over the years, Mount Sangeang has experienced numerous small to moderate eruptions, with some events producing lava flows, pyroclastic flows, and ash clouds. The volcanic ash emitted during eruptions can pose a hazard to air travel, as it has the potential to damage aircraft engines and reduce visibility.
The island of Sangeang is mostly uninhabited, with only a small number of residents living in a few villages near the base of the volcano. These villagers are primarily engaged in farming and fishing. Despite the inherent dangers associated with living near an active volcano, the island’s fertile volcanic soil provides ideal conditions for agriculture, particularly for the cultivation of crops like rice, corn, and vegetables.
Mount Sangeang is also a popular destination for adventure seekers and tourists interested in volcano trekking. The striking landscape, featuring black sand beaches, lush green vegetation, and the imposing volcanic peaks, offers a unique and challenging hiking experience. However, due to the volcano’s active nature, visitors are advised to exercise caution and pay attention to local advisories and warnings before venturing onto the island.